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MSU CSE Colloquium Series 2015-2016: Dr. Yu Cheng An Exploration of Parameter Redundancy in Deep Networks with Circulant Projections

Yu Cheng
Research Staff Member
IBM T.J. Watson Research Center

Time: Thursday, March 31, 2016, 10:00am
Location: EB 3105

In this work, we explore the redundancy of parameters in deep neural networks by replacing the conventional linear projection in fully-connected layers with the circulant projection. The circulant structure substantially reduces memory footprint and enables the use of the Fast Fourier Transform to speed up the computation. Considering a fully connected neural network layer with d input nodes, and d output nodes, this method improves the time complexity from O(d^2) to O(d log d) and space complexity from O(d^2) to O(d). The space savings are particularly important for modern deep convolutional neural network architectures, where fully-connected layers typically contain more than 90% of the network parameters. We further show that the gradient computation and optimization of the circulant projections can be performed very efficiently. Our experiments on three standard datasets show that the proposed approach achieves this significant gain in storage and efficiency with minimal increase in error rate compared to neural networks with unstructured projections.

Yu Cheng is a Research Staff Member at IBM T.J. Watson Research Center. Prior to joining IBM, he obtained PhD in 2015 from computer science department, Northwestern University. Before that, he received his Bachelor degree in 2010 from Tsinghua University. Yu's research interests are in the areas of machine learning, and its applications in data mining and computer vision. At Watson, he is focusing on: 1) developing machine learning algorithms for spatio-temporal data analysis; 2) connecting healthcare, social and mobile applications; 3) exploiting deep learning to solve real industrial problems.

Dr. Jiayu Zhou