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MSU CSE Colloquium Series 2015-2016: Sebastien Marcel Title: Spoofing, Anti-Spoofing and Reproducible Research in Biometrics

Dr. Sebastien Marcel
Senior Research Scientist
Idiap Research Institute

Time: Monday, Sep 14th, 2015, 2pm
Location: EB 3105

This talk is addressing some of the issues of direct (spoofing) attacks to trusted biometric systems. This is an issue that needs to be addressed urgently because it has recently been shown that conventional biometric techniques, such as fingerprints and face, are vulnerable to direct (spoofing) attacks. Direct attacks are performed by falsifying the biometric trait and then presenting this falsified information to the biometric system, one such example is to fool a fingerprint system by copying the fingerprint of another person and creating an artificial or gummy finger which can then be presented to the biometric system to falsely gain access. This issue effects not only companies in the high security field but also any enterprises that wish to sell biometric technologies in emerging fields. In this presentation we provide an overview of known spoofing attacks for a number of biometric modalities, and we propose a technique to evaluate countermeasures to spoofing (anti-spoofing). Finally we will present a biometry-independent platform for Biometrics research, development and certification. By making use of such a system, academic, governmental or industrial organizations enable users to easily and socially develop processing toolchains, re-use data, algorithms, workflows and compare results from distinct algorithms and/or parameterizations with minimal interaction.

Sébastien Marcel ( ) is a Senior Research Scientist at the Idiap Research Institute where he leads the Biometrics group and conducts research on multi-modal biometrics including face recognition, speaker recognition, vein recognition, as well as spoofing and anti-spoofing. In January 2010, he was appointed Visiting Professor at the University of Cagliari and since 2013 he is an external lecturer in the EPFL Electrical Engineering Doctoral (EDEE) program ( ). Among coordination and participation in European Research projects (FP7 MOBIO , FP7 BBFor2), he was coordinating the EU FP7 ICT TABULA RASA project ( ) which aimed to develop spoofing countermeasures for a wide variety of biometrics including mainstream and novel modalities, and he currently coordinates the EU FP7 SEC BEAT project ( ). He is the main organiser of a number of special scientific events and competitive evaluations all involving biometrics, most notably the TABULA RASA Spoofing Challenge that was held in conjunction with the 2013 International Conference on Biometrics. He serves as an Associate Editor for IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security (TIFS). He was also the co-Editor of the Springer « Handbook on Biometric Anti-Spoofing », an Area Editor for the Encyclopedia of Biometrics (2nd Edition), Guest Editor of the IEEE TIFS Special Issue on Biometric Spoofing and Countermeasures, and Guest Editor of the IEEE Signal Processing Magazine Special Issue on Biometric Security and Privacy. Finally, he is active in reproducible research in biometrics with the open source signal-processing and machine learning toolbox Bob ( and the BEAT platform (

Dr. Arun Ross